SLM is the use and management of land resources – soil, water, animals and plants – for the production of goods to meet changing human needs while ensuring the long-term productive potential of these resources and maintenance of environmental functions (FAO) UNCCD identifies The World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT) as the primary recommended global database on sustainable land management. WOCAT provides standardized, user-driven, open-access, globally-used tools and methods for the documentation and assessment of sustainable land management (SLM) practices. WOCAT focuses on efforts to prevent and reduce land degradation and restore degraded land through improved land management technologies and approaches. The WOCAT defines SLM Technologies and Approaches as follows.
“SLM Technology is a physical practice in the field that controls land degradation and/ or enhances
productivity. A technology consists of one or several measures, such as agronomic, vegetative,
structural, and management measures.”
An SLM Approach defines the ways and means used to implement one or several SLM Technologies. It includes technical and material support, involvement and roles of different stakeholders, etc. An Approach can refer to a project/program or to activities initiated by land users themselves.
All information documented through WOCAT questionnaires is made available in the Global SLM Database and can be used to disseminate SLM knowledge and improve decision-making for further implementation and spreading of SLM practices.