Sri Lanka Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (SLOCAT) is the Sustainable Land Management (SLM) information-sharing platform of Sri Lanka. This is a common platform own and operate by 15 agencies that are responsible for land related matters in Sri Lanka. The objective of SLM Sri Lanka is to coordinate the interventions of all agencies in the implementation of SLM in Sri Lanka. SLM Sri Lanka also shares global knowledge and experience in SLM in local languages to disseminate them to the relevant officials and farmers and disseminate local knowledge and experience on SLM globally.
SLOCAT attempts to compile, document, evaluate, share, disseminate, and apply SLM knowledge. Recognizing the vital importance of SLM and the pressing need for corresponding knowledge management SLOCAT was launched under the Rehabilitation of Degraded Agricultural Land Project (RDALP) jointly implemented by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations and funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in 2019.
According to the National Report on Desertification/Land Degradation in Sri Lanka - 2000, land degradation in the central highlands is a severe problem where steep slopes, high intensity of rainfall and inappropriate land use have led to high rate of soil erosion and landslides. According to the Agriculture Department, the major source of land degradation is associated with agriculture. At present, the problem of soil erosion exists in 44 percent of agricultural lands in the country.
Land degradation has emerged as a serious problem in Sri Lanka. It has been estimated that nearly one-third of the land in the country is subjected to soil erosion. Soil erosion and soil fertility decline are the two main types of land degradation observed in the central highlands. About 50 percent of agricultural lands in the central highlands has already been degraded. Comparative studies of soil erosion by zones have shown that, out of 25 administrative districts in the country, the districts which represent the central highlands, including Kandy, NuwaraEliya and Badulla, have the highest levels of land degradation.
Severe erosion takes place on sloping lands under market gardens (vegetables and potatoes), tobacco, poorly managed seedling tea and chena (slash and burn) cultivation. Land degradation in the central highlands has been threatening the ability of agro-ecosystems in the area to provide global environmental benefits and to sustain the economic activities and livelihoods of the people depending on ecosystem goods and services.
- Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment
- Ministry of Land
- Ministry of Plantation Industries
- Ministry of Agriculture
- Department of Agriculture
- Department of Land Use Policy Planning
- Department of Agrarian Development